Digital World

The World Wide Web has become the world’s dominant information systems platform. It is the primary tool billions of people worldwide use to interact with the Internet. The Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN in 1989 an idea for a database of hypertext links that would allow people to send data and communicate across a network. Opened to the public in 1991. It was conceived as a “universal linked information system”. 

World-Wide Web (also called WWW or W3) is a hypertext-based information system. Any word in a hypertext document can be specified as a pointer to a different hypertext document where more information pertaining to that word can be found. 

Refers to all the public websites or pages that users can access on their local computers and other devices through the internet. These pages and documents are interconnected by means of hyperlinks that users click on for information. 

The World Wide Web is just one common area for information exchange, facilitated by global computer networks — or the Internet. You connect to this Internet to access the Web, but the Internet is just the connection between countless, separate servers, computers, and devices. 

While the Internet has its roots in the 1960s, the World Wide Web was first accessed in 1991, once many of the kinks of networking on a global scale had been worked out.  

Although they are intermingled and used together, they are certainly not the same. The Internet could exist without the Web, but the Web as we know it could not exist without the Internet. In simple terms, the Internet is the physical infrastructure on which services like the Web run. 

Understanding WWW

What is WWW composed of? 

There are three main ingredients that make up the world wide web. URL (uniform resource locator), which is the addressing scheme to find a document; HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol), which connects computers together; and HTML (hypertext markup language), which formats pages containing hypertext links 

Facts about World Wide Web? 

  • It was invented for scientists. 
  • It was a ‘vague but exciting’ idea. 
  • It is *not* the internet. 
  • The internet came before the world wide web. 
  • That’s what www stands for. 
  • The first website went live in 1991. 
  • It went public in 1993. 
  • For a website to exist, you need server space. 

Who controls the web? 

No one person, company, organization or government runs the Internet. It is a globally distributed network comprising many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks. 

Internet Architecture Board (IAB): Oversees the technical and engineering development of the IETF and IRTF. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): Coordinates the Internet’s systems of unique identifiers: IP addresses, Protocol-Parameter registries, and top-level domain space (DNS root zone). 

Is the World Wide Web bigger than the Internet? 

The World Wide Web, or web for short, are the pages you see when you’re at a device and you’re online. But the internet is the network of connected computers that the web works on, as well as what emails and files travel across. 

How was the Internet before the World Wide Web? 

The first workable prototype of the Internet came in the late 1960s with the creation of ARPANET, or the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. Originally funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, ARPANET used packet switching to allow multiple computers to communicate on a single network. 

A few of the different types of websites.  

  • E-commerce website. 
  • Business website.
  • Blog website. 
  • Portfolio website. 
  • Event website. 
  • Personal website. 
  • Membership website. 
  • Nonprofit website. 

Types of websites.

  • Informational Websites. 
  • Brochure/Catalogue Style Websites. 
  • E-Commerce Websites. 
  • Blogs. 
  • Personal Websites. 
  • Social Media and Networking Websites. 
  • Photo Sharing Websites. 
  • Mobile Device Websites 

Essential features every website should have 

  • A simple, easy to remember URL 
  • A clear description of your business 
  • Call to actions 
  • Contact information 
  • Mobile friendly or responsive design 
  • Photos/videos and information 
Mobile friendly

How does WWW work step by step? 

The domain name server returns an IP address for the server that hosts the Website. The browser requests the page from the Web server using the IP address specified by the domain name server. The Web server returns the page to the IP address specified by the browser requesting the page. 

A domain is the name of a website, a URL is how to find a website and a website is what people see and interact with when they get there. 

The first page of a website is called the homepage. 

An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique numerical marker assigned to every device connected to the Internet. 

To start, focus on three main components: your domain name, hosting, and the design elements of your website. 

What are the five features of WWW? 

The World Wide Web provides features like HyperText Information System, Cross-Platform, Distributed, open standards, open-source 

The World Wide Web opened up the internet to everyone, not just scientists. It connected the world in a way that made it much easier for people to get information, share, and communicate. It has since allowed people to share their work and thoughts through social networking sites, blogs, video sharing, and more. 

The World Wide Web is an interconnected system of public web pages accessible through the Internet. 

What are the basic functions of a WWW browser? 

The main function is to retrieve information from the World Wide Web and make it available for users. Visiting any website can be done using a web browser. 

What do you need to access WWW? 

There are 3 ingredients needed to access the Internet from a laptop or desktop computer: ISP,  modem, and a Web browser. 

What powers the Web? 

Fiber-based networks make up the majority of the internet’s backbone. Fiber-optic subsea cables spanning thousands of miles connect continents together, exchanging data at nearly the speed of light. 

A few of the top searched websites.

TunedIn Marketing

The advantages of the Internet. 

  • Information, knowledge, and learning.  
  • Connectivity, communication, and sharing.  
  • Anonymity and making people equal.  
  • Address, mapping, and contact information.  
  • Banking, bills, and shopping. 
  • Selling and making money.  
  • Collaboration, work from home, and access to a global workforce. 
  • Availability of mainly free information. 
  • Reduces the costs of information. 
  • The same protocol of communication can be used for all the services. 
  • Provide rapid interactive communication. 
  • Provides the exchange of huge volumes of data. 
  • The disadvantages of the Internet. 
  • Addiction, time-waster, and causes distractions. 
  • Bullying, trolls, stalkers, and crime.  
  • Spam and advertising.  
  • Pornographic and violent images.  
  • Never being able to disconnect from work.  
  • Identity theft, hacking, viruses, and cheating.  
  • Affects focus and patience. 

5 key components of a URL.

  • Protocol. The first component of a URL is the protocol.  
  • Domain Name. The domain name is the unique identifier for a website on the internet.  
  • Path. The URL path specifies a resource’s location on a website.  
  • Query String
  • Anchor Tag

Basic parts of a website 

  • Header & menu. The top part of a website.
  • Images. Normally below the header is some form of an image, series of images or sometimes a video.  
  • Website content. All sites contain content. 
  • Footer. The bottom part of any site.  
  • Logo
  • CTA
  • Blog
  • Forms

What are the 3 types of links found on web pages? 

  • Internal links – hyperlinks that lead from one page to another within your own website.
  • External links – hyperlinks that lead from your website to another resource.
  • Backlinks – hyperlinks that lead from another site to yours. 

There are roughly 1.13 billion websites on the Internet, 18% of which are active. That means there are around 200 million active websites at the time of writing. How many people use the www? 4.9 billion people use the internet around the world. That’s 62% of the global population. 

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